Iran and six major world powers have reached an agreement ending more than a decade of tensions in an agreement that could transform the Middle East.
Sanctions that had been imposed by the United Nations, the United States and the European Union will be lifted under the deal while Iran will curb its nuclear programme in return.
— Reuters UK (@ReutersUK) July 14, 2015
While the deal is being viewed with some skepticism, reaching a deal is a major step for both the US government and the Iranian government, who have shared a difficult relationship for decades.
The negotiations between Iran, US, UK, France, China and Russia plus Germany – began in 2006 and have been on and off ever since. The world powers wanted Iran to scale back its nuclear programme so that it could not build a nuclear weapon. Iran has always claimed that its nuclear programme has been peaceful and was always for the sole purpose of providing power.
Israel have always been opposed to the Iranian deal and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has called the deal “a bad mistake of historic proportions.” Iran has never recognized Israel and supports its enemies.
EU foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini said the deal was “a sign of hope for the entire world”.
“It is a decision that can open the way to a new chapter in international relations,”
— Marie Harf (@marieharf) July 14, 2015
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and Iran said they had signed a roadmap to resolve any outstanding questions.
IAEA head Yukiya Amano told reporters in Vienna that his organisation had signed a roadmap “for the clarification of past and present outstanding issues regarding Iran’s nuclear programme”.
He also called the agreement a “significant step forward”, that would allow the agency to “make an assessment of issues relating to possible military dimensions to Iran’s nuclear programme by the end of 2015”.
The Iranian government have also accepted a ‘snapback’ mechanism, which allows some sanctions to be reinstated in 65 days if Iran violated the deal. A U.N. weapons embargo will remain in place for five years and the ban on buying missile technology remains for eight years.
By Fiona Carty