China is abandoning its decades-long one-child policy, official media reported on Thursday. The reform, which was introduced in 1980 by China’s Communist, was announced to be stopped within the coming weeks.
China announced the end of its thirty-five years controversial policy that was implemented in 1980. The program restricted most couples by allowing them one single child into the family.
For years authorities argued that such a measure would highly contribute to China’s economic boom.
A new reform in 2013 was initiated by authorities permitting some couples in urban areas to have a second child. Yet a very poor percentage has taken up the opportunity.
But after years of brutal enforcement by a dedicated government commission, China’s –population – the world’s largest population – is rapidly aging and facing severe gender imbalances. Subsequently, China’s workforce is shrinking fast.
There had been a lot of speculation for months as Beijing was preparing to stop its divisive family organisational measure introduced by Communist leaders in the 1980s, essentially because of fears of a population boom.
Throughout the three decades lasting program human costs have been immense, with forced sterilisations and abortions, infanticide, and a dramatic gender imbalance.
The gender imbalance is drastic, as an estimated 20 to 30 millions of males will never be able to find a female partner. This leads to social tensions and great frustration amongst the population.
Over four days of meetings the 205 members of the Central Committee, plus around 170 alternates, examined the specifics of the plan, which was largely worked out through a process of national consultations before the leaders even set foot in the capital.
The country’s rubber-stamp legislature will officially approve the resulting document next year.